Getting the most from the great outdoors

How to start scuba diving

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Scuba diving is a popular and thrilling sport enjoyed by beginners and experts alike.

The allure of diving into the unknown depths of an azure ocean or swimming among brightly-colored coral reefs is hard to resist.

But for those who are new to the sport, diving can be intimidating and confusing.

This guide will walk you through the basics of how to get started.

Almost anyone can learn how to scuba dive and, with the right support, that will help you to become competent and safe, you will soon be on your way to enjoying this fascinating and fun activity.

What do I need to know to get started with scuba diving?

The great news is that scuba diving is a sport open to nearly everyone.

There are, however, age and health prerequisites.

For instance, you must be at least eight years old to start learning how to scuba dive. Additionally, many trainers prefer if their pupils are 10 or 12.

If you have certain medical conditions, like asthma or sinus problems, scuba diving can be dangerous.

You need to talk to both a certified diving instructor and your doctor before you start training.

Divers must also be able to swim a short distance and float on the surface of the water.

These skills are tested at the beginning of most scuba training courses

Once you’ve passed the basic swimming test you are ready to begin your scuba training.

Pick a scuba diving course

Diving is an amazing experience, and taking a diving course is the first step to enjoying it.

A certified instructor will help you go over all of the skills you need to know and make sure you are comfortable with them before your trip.

Most courses cover the basics of diving, like equipment usage and safety procedures.

Many trainers will begin their scuba training courses at swimming pools that are either their own or rented from leisure providers.

These are ideal places for beginners to learn the basics of scuba and to become familiar with breathing underwater and using the scuba dive equipment.

How to start scuba diving
Initial water training takes place in a pool or similar confined area

Finding a suitable scuba course

The best way to locate a suitable course in your area is to use the online PADI dive shop checker which can be found here.

By entering your location you will be directed to a selection of approved PADI dive shops, many of which operate licensed courses, and, if they do not then they are very likely to know a local instructor who can help.

There is also an online e-learning option available via the PADI website which allows you to study the classroom based elements at your own pace.

The course is fully supported by a highly trained PADI instructor who will connect up with local instructors when you are ready to undertake the practical elements.

Buy or rent your scuba gear

While you are undertaking your course your instructor will help you with your dive gear.

They will either have gear that you can use or will often have a relationship with a dive shop where equipment can be hired.

Of course, if you plan to dive regularly it makes sense to invest in your own dive gear.

A full set of gear can be purchased for around $2000/£2000 although this cost can be spread out by buying items over time.

Learn the basics first

Your first scuba course will cover several areas, all of which will support your development into becoming a safe and competent diver.

You’ll typically learn things such as:

How to be a skilled and confident diver

How to assemble, check and use scuba gear

How to manage your bouyancy

Being respectful to the environment and how to approach marine life

How to deal with common problems

Once you’ve covered the basics you’ll be prepared and ready to head out for scuba adventures with a qualified instructor.

You won’t be able to head out without a certified instructor until you have your own scuba certification.

Get scuba certified

The next, and logical step, is for you to get certified so that you can dive without an instructor.

As part of the beginner course you will develop your skills in water once you have completed the ‘classroom’ element of your training.

At first these will be restricted to pool type environments, where the water is calm and free from hazards.

Some of the skills that you’ll learn include:

Setting your gear up

How to get water out of your face mask

Getting into and out of the water

Bouyancy control

How to navigate underwater

Safety procedures

You will practice these with your instructor until you are comfortable with them, after which it’s time to move onto open water.

Open water

After your confined water dives, you’ll do open-water dives with your instructor for four dives, usually over two days.

During these excursions, you’ll get to explore and experience the features and challenges of open water diving.

You’ll apply the skills you’ve acquired on confined water diving while taking in all that surrounds you.

You’ll most likely be diving in an area with little or no currents, close to the shore and in relatively shallow water — between 18 and 30 feet (5.5 and 9 meters).

After completing these four dives with your instructor, providing that you and your instructor are happy, you’ll be a certified diver.

How to start scuba diving
The open water element is where the real fun begins

Continue your training

Once you have completed your scuba diving course and are comfortable with the basics, there are plenty of ways to continue your education.

Divers can progress onto courses that will teach them more about dive equipment and safety procedures, as well as how to navigate underwater.

There are also speciality courses available, such as those that focus on diving in wrecks or taking photographs underwater.

You can also train to be:

An advanced open water diver

Rescue diver

Enriched air ( nitrox ) diver

Dry suit diver

Deep diver

Night diver

and many, many more.

In addition the the training, you’ll find that courses are a great way to meet other people with similar interests.

You can also undertake many courses overseas providing you with the opportunity to explore different dive sites around the world as well as developing your skills and competencies.

Final Words

Scuba diving is a great way to see the underwater world and with today’s technology it is easier than ever before.

Whether you want to dive for fun or progress onto becoming a professional, there has never been a better time to start learning.

So what are you waiting for? Go find an instructor and start your scuba diving adventure today.

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